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Making a Diagnosis of MS

Blog Summary

There is no avoiding it. Seeing a neurologist for evaluation of a diagnosis of MS can be very stressful. However, understanding what is needed to make a diagnosis may, at least in part, ease some of the anxiety.
 
Even with all the latest electronic and laboratory studies, an MS diagnosis is still one of exclusion. Unlike a positive biopsy for cancer, there is no single finding on history, exam, or diagnostic study that is unique, or only found, in persons with MS. Thus, making a diagnosis of MS remains one of excluding other diseases that can mimic MS. While this may seem easy, a recent paper from two MS centers reported that 1 out of 5 persons sent to the centers with a diagnosis of MS did not have this disease.1 More than 100 MS “look-alikes” have been described, but most are very rare, and only the most common ones are usually looked for. These include illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, lupus, Sjøgren’s disease, migraine with aura, high blood pressure, brain tumors, blood vessel inflammations and infections...