When laughter isn’t funny

Laughter and tears typically represent opposite ends of the emotional spectrum. But for some people – including about 10 percent of those with multiple sclerosis – episodes of involuntary laughter and/or crying are symptoms of a single emotional disorder known as pseudobulbar affect (PBA).
PBA is one of many mental disorders that can plague people with MS; it’s associated with other neurologic conditions such as stroke and dementia, too. It’s a tricky disorder to pin down. After all, everyone laughs and cries, right? But people with PBA find themselves laughing at things they don’t find funny and crying when they’re not at all sad. Such episodes can be very brief or last for a few minutes; they can occur only occasionally or many times per day. It’s believed that PBA results from damage to areas in the brain related to emotion.
However mild or severe a case of PBA may be, the condition can be terribly embarrassing and confusing for everyone involved. Raising awareness and spreading information about PBA and other emotional changes linked to MS could help spare that discomfort for thousands of people.
The National MS Society provides information and support for people whose MS has caused or been accompanied by mental disorders or emotional changes such as PBA. The Society joined other organizations across the nation in highlighting such disorders in May, which President Obama had designated as National Mental Health Awareness Month. You can read more about emotional changes that are symptoms of MS here, and about the Society’s involvement in National Mental Health Awareness Month here.
I intend to ask my neurologist about PBA at my next checkup, because now that I know about it, it seems to me I might actually suffer from the disorder myself. I tend to over-laugh, and I often cry when tears aren’t in order. To be sure, if I do indeed have PBA, mine doesn’t appear to be a severe case. But, still, I’d like to know, particularly as there are now several medications available to help control the condition. I’ll let you know what I learn.
Have you noticed emotional changes related to your MS? Have you consulted a physician about them?
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Jennifer LaRue Huget, Blogger

Jennifer LaRue Huget was diagnosed with MS in 2001. A freelance writer and children's book author, she lives in Connecticut with her husband, two teenage kids, and two brown dogs. Her website is www.jenniferlaruehuget.com.

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  • THERESA   Jun 8, 2013 10:11 AM
  • Gean Christiansen   Jun 14, 2013 10:39 AM
    Didn't know what the above boxes were for so I punted. Hope you caught it.

    Jennifer, I am Gean Christiansen. I was diagnosed in 1999. Emotions?....I have been emotional all my life. My wife tells me I am the biggest boob she knows. She says I cry in funny movies and laugh at everything. Maybe my MS is a result of PBA???
    Seriously though, I imagine it could become a difficult problem to handle when you cannot control it.
    There are so many different problem associated with MS..as many as there are patients I would imagine. I really don't have a great deal of problems with my MS: pain, dizziness, remembering, eyes, coordination, remembering, there issomething else but I can't remember what it is.
    God bless you and your family with a great life.
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    Quaker  Jun 16, 2013 5:48 PM
    I think that if they had MRI machines 200 years ago, it would explain allot of "conditions" they used to think people had.
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    msbendy  Jun 20, 2013 6:07 AM
    I have wondered why my emotions range on so many levels...this is great to know which I have always thought was part of my m.s. I can change moods some times without even realizing it and then wondering why I got to this point..It's like being pregnant all the time...lol
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    participatewjoy  Jul 3, 2013 10:41 AM
    I've always been one to cry at commercials or movies, much to the enjoyment of my ex-husband who always made the comment to my kids, look boys your mom's crying again. But it is down right ridiculous now. On my birthday my friends and I were out having a great time and I just started bawling, no reason. I hadn't been diagnosed yet...was in the process. Yesterday sitting at my desk with tears just streaming down my face, again no reason. My co-worker was a little freaked out when she asked me what's wrong and I said nothing was wrong. Pretty embarrassing.